Volume and Heat

Time for some practical applications of all this solid, liquid, gas stuff. We can manipulate the properties of many materials by varying the amount of energy the particles have.

Image result for expanding with heat
The more you heat something, the greater the pressure outwards becomes as the volume grows.

When we did the demo lesson on air, you already observed this with the can crush and balloon inversion. Copy down the following section

Volume is dependent on heat/energy.
IF the temperature is increased, then the pressure increases
IF the temperature is decreased, then the pressure decreases

When heat is applied to a solid they expand to occupy more space.
When heat is removed from a solid they shrink to occupy less space.

Note: some parts of this video are complex and you don’t need to remember them, focus on the expansion parts

We may have already watched it before, but Elephant Toothpaste is an example of thermal expansion, as the gas heats up during the chemical reaction and the gas occupies MORE space. Once the gas cools down (some of it will also escape the bubbles too) it will shrink

Thermal Expansion and Burners

Aim: To see how heating a metal ring/ball effects it’s size
Hypothesis: If I heat the ball then ……(your assumption here)…….
Independent Variable: I am changing _______________________
Dependent Variable: I am measuring _______________________
Control Variable: I am keeping ____________________________ the same

Method: 1. Get the ball and rod setup with a Bunsen burner and tongs.
2. Test to see if the ball fits through the ring
3a. If the ball does fit, heat ball up in the burner
3b. If the ball doesn’t fit, heat ring up in the burner
4. Use tongs and carefully see if the 2 still fit or not

What did you observe?

Could you see the size difference in the ball or ring once heated?

How would you describe what happened to a friend?

How would you describe what happened using particle theory?